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Avenger's History - Historie

Avenger's History - Historie



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hævner

II

(Yacht: dp. 35,5 t .; 1, 74'0 "; b. 15'0"; dr. 3'3 "(middelværdi); s. 15 k. Cpl. 11; a. (Juli 1918) 1 3-pdr., 2 mg., 3 st.)

Den anden Avenger, en træskroget yacht designet af J. Murray Watts og bygget i 1917 af Clement A. Troth fra Camden, NJ, blev inspiceret af flåden den 11. januar 1918 og erhvervet rød af flåden i maj 1918 under gratis forpagtning fra Philips J. Wunderle af Glenside, Pa., for service i det 4. flådedistrikt. Tildelt identifikationsnummeret SP-2646, Avenger blev bestilt den 29. maj 1918, mens hun lå sammen med Pier 19, North Wharves, Philadelphia, Pa., Chief Boatswain's Mate Philips J. Wunderle, USNRF (hendes ejer i fredstid "kaldet til farverne") , i kommando.

Afslutningen af ​​de indledende faser af hendes indretning i den anden uge af juni 1918 1918 kom Avenger i gang til League Island om morgenen den 10. Hun gik ikke langt, før hun stødte på grund i stimvand nær den bageste kanal. Da lavt vand var fremherskende, forberedte hendes sømænd sig på at vente på, at det kommende tidevand skulle flyde Avenger, men tre fartøjer ankom uventet til stedet og tilbød assistance. Med deres hjælp blev Avenger snart vandbåret og fortsatte til League Island.

Men da hun sendte vand på grund af to beskadigede rækker i bunden, gik yachten derfra til Camden, .J., For reparationer af skrog på værftet i Quigley og Dorf den 11. og 12. juni. Efter at have modtaget ny planke og et lag maling på bunden, vendte hun tilbage til molen 19, North Wharves, den næste dag, den 13. juni.

En uge senere kom fartøjet i gang kl. 1000, "Captain" Wunderle ved roret og tog tilbage mod League Island, hvor hun tog ombord på sit hovedbatteri, en treponder pistol, og installerede det dagen efter. Yderligere tilvejebringelse og indretning langs molen 19 fulgte: der modtog hun balancen i sin bevæbning, et par maskingeværer og fire beslag, den 5. juli. Hun skaffede sig signaludstyr og en stor søgelys på den 1. og forlod molen 19 dagen efter til Fort Mifflin, hvor hun tog ammunition. Senere samme dag gik Avenger i gang til New Castle, Del., Og nåede sin destination samme aften og blev der om natten.

Skubber på den næste dag, Avenger nåede Cape May, N.J., hendes tildelte sektion base, den 13. via Reedy Island. Den følgende morgen gik det tidligere lystfartøj i gang til hendes jomfru -patrulje fra krigen, som hun foretog i farvande ud for McCrie Shoal Booy.

Under hendes anden patrulje, (18. til 20. juli) modtog hun trådløst information om fjendtlig ubådsaktivitet nær New York havn og indlæste straks hendes trepunder for at være klar til handling. Hun modtog snart et signal fra Emerald (SP-177) om at patruljere mod McCrie Shoal i en afstand på 10 miles på jagt efter den U-båd, der blev rapporteret i deres nærhed. I forhåndsmørket den 20. juli trak Ave Avenger inden for haglafstand fra Emerald og modtog mundtlige ordre om at instruere alle nordgående fartøjer om at "kramme kysten" på grund af U-både, der sejlede til søs. I overensstemmelse med disse ordrer hyldede Avenger en dampskib klokken 0210 den 20. og advarede det Portland-bundne fartøj om hendes fare.

Avengers tredje patrulje (22. til 24. juli) tog hende til farvande ud for Atlantic City, N.J. Da hendes fjerde (26. til 28. juli) tog hende over Delaware Bay til Lewes, Del., Havde hun en ny våbentree dybdeladelse. Den femte (29. juli til 1. august) tog hende igen til at patruljere sejlruter ud for Atlantic City.

I 0825 den 7. august var Avenger lige begyndt at eskortere en ubåd, da en lyddæmper eksploderede om bord. Skaden er tilsyneladende ikke alvorlig nok til at tvinge håndværket til at begrænse hendes tildelte
opgaver, vendte Avenger tilbage til Cape May den eftermiddag og blev ved siden af ​​Fish Dock der indtil den 12. august, da hun kom i gang for enden af ​​en slæbebånd på vej mod Essington, a. Ved docking den 13. undergik Avenger følgelig reparationer af hendes skrog og motorer ved Essington-en besværgelse af værftsarbejde, der varede til begyndelsen af ​​oktober 1918. I løbet af den tid, for at hendes besætning ikke ville blive "rustne" på deres våben, udførte de riffel og maskingeværøvelse på den lokale yachtklubs riffelområde.

Efter hendes prøvetur efter reparation til Marcus Hook og tilbage den 9. oktober og hendes anden (rekord) prøvetur til Wilmington, Del. Og hjemkomst, vendte Avenger kort tilbage til Essington, inden han flyttede tilbage til hendes hjemmebase, Cape May, den eftermiddagen den 25. oktober. Undervejs næste morgen patruljerede hun ud for Cape May den 28. og ind i den næste dag, da hun blev lettet på stationen ved Shrewsbury (SP-70). Avenger undergik yderligere reparationer af sine motorer (30. oktober til 2. november), inden hun forlod Fish Dock, Cape May, kl. 0955 den 7. november om, hvad der viste sig at være hendes sidste patrulje i krigen.

Hun lavede havn tilbage i Cape May den 9.. Hendes dæklog for 11. november fortæller om de glade nyheder, der modtog denne dato: "Udenrigsministeriet annoncerer våbenhvile underskrevet kl. 5, 11. november." I gang for Lewes den 14. vendte Avenger tilbage til Cape May den 30. og blev der en uge, før han vendte tilbage til Corinthian Yacht Club, Essington, Pa., Den 8. december. Næste morgen rørte hun ved Fort Mifflin for at losse ammunition, inden hun lagde til kaj ved molen 19, hvor hendes trådløse tøj blev fjernet, og hendes trepunder blev demonteret. Ved middagstid den 19. december, tog chefbådsmandens Mate Wunderle ud af Avenger og underskrev kvitteringen for fartøjet, som senere blev leveret til hendes bygherre, Clement A. Troth's, i Camden, hvor hun formodentlig var forberedt på civil service.

Efter denne korte periode som et bestilt håndværk fra den amerikanske flåde tjente Avenger derefter under en række ejere, men beholdt sit oprindelige navn hele vejen igennem. Hun forsvandt fra amerikanske yachtregistre efter 1929.

Rio Hudson-et passagerfragtfartøj af typen C-3-blev fastsat i henhold til en Maritime Commission-kontrakt (MC-skrog 59) den 28. november 1939 i Chester, Pa., Af Sun Shipbuilding og Drydock Co .; lanceret den 27. november 1940; sponsoreret af fru Warren L. Pierson; og erhvervet af flåden den 31. juli 1941 til konvertering til et "fly-eskortefartøj", BAVG-2, et af de første seks sådanne skibe, der blev bygget til Det Forenede Kongerige under udlån.

Omdøbt til Avenger af Royal Navy og Oven vedhænget nummer D.14, kom dette skib i drift i midten af ​​1942 og tilbragte hele sin karriere i det atlantiske teater. Hun regnede med, hvad den britiske historiker, Stephen Roskill, kaldte "lukningen af ​​luftgabet i dækning af konvojeløb til Nordrusland. Ved nedbringelse af malingen af ​​PQ-17, en konvoj på vej til Ærkeenglen i august 1942, inkluderede konvojerutere Avenger i skærmen til det næste østløb, PQ-18. Et dusin Hawker "Sea Hurricane" -jagere og tre Fairey 'Swordfish "-biplaner udgjorde hendes luftgruppe.

Ved at slutte sig til PQ-18 den 9. september 1942 blev Avenger det oplagte mål for Luftwaffe i sit forsøg på at lamme konvojen. Konvojen var engang inden for rækkevidde af tyske flybaser i det nordlige Norge og blev angrebet. Den 13. september trodsede bølger af torpedofly antiluftsfly for at levere et vellykket angreb og sænkede otte af konvojens 39 købmænd. Avengers krigere havde desværre travlt med bombefly og skyggere på højt niveau-ikke torpedoflyene. Denne fejlbetjening af krigerne overbeviste Avengers -kaptajnen om at bevare sine dyrebare krigere for at bryde de store sværme af torpedofly, der havde rovet så vellykket, i stedet for at bruge deres kræfter på de mindre farlige "skyggere".

Den 14. september gik et af Avengers-fly sammen med destroyeren HMS Onslow for at synke U-589 efter en 75-minutters jagt. Senere samme dag meldte udkigsposter Heinkel He. 111 torpedofly lukker hurtigt. Avenger skilte sig ud med flankefart og lancerede seks krigere. Transportørens "Sea Hurricanes", med eskortepistoler, brød torpedoanfaldet op og sprøjtede 11 fly, en "i alt ... mest glædeligt handling, der fik skærmens chef til at rapportere:" Det var et fint syn at se Avenger skrælle af 'Orkaner', mens de strøg over konvojens forside ... og blev jagtet af torpedobombefly, da hun dampede ned ad den modsatte vej til konvojen for at tage dækning. "

Avenger blev udpeget for et dykkerbombeangreb af et dusin Junkers Ju. 88'erne kort tid efter, næsten lige så snart de overlevende torpedobombefly var forsvundet over horisonten senere samme dag, Heldigvis faldt bomberne langt fra mærket, mens fladtopens fly med luftskydning fra eskorterne nedfaldt ni af angriberne.

I sidste ende forvitrede konvojen stormen og nåede ærkeengel med 27 i den oprindelige gruppe på 39 købmænd. Ledsagere og understøttende Luftwaffe-Ling-skibe var kommet uskadt igennem. Selvom Luftwaffe personligt opfordret af marskalk Goeringskibe (U-Goering) havde sænket 10 skibe (U-både havde tegnet sig for to), lykkedes det ikke at score den sejr, de ønskede. Avenger havde bidraget meget til forsvaret af PG-18, hvilket berettigede brugen af ​​små transportører til at eskortere konvojer.

Avenger fik derefter til opgave at ledsage konvoj KMS-1 i Operation "Torch", invasionen af ​​Nordafrika i efteråret 1942 og støttede landingen ved Algier. Den 15. november 1942 eksploderede en torpedo fra den tyske ubåd U-155 hendes luftfartsbenzin og ammunition. Avenger sank med næsten alle hænder.


Baggrund

I 1939 udsendte US Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics (BuAer) en anmodning om forslag til en ny torpedo/level bombefly til erstatning af Douglas TBD Devastator. Selvom TBD først var trådt i drift i 1937, blev det hurtigt udklasset, da flyudviklingen hurtigt avancerede. For det nye fly specificerede BuAer et besætning på tre (pilot, bombardier og radiooperatør), hver bevæbnet med et defensivt våben, samt en dramatisk stigning i hastigheden over TBD og en evne til at bære en Mark 13 -torpedo eller 2.000 lbs. af bomber. Da konkurrencen gik fremad, vandt Grumman og Chance Vought kontrakter om at bygge prototyper.


Himmelskernes alder

Den magtfulde race kendt som Celestials blev født i universets tidligste dage. Disse væsener blev smedet af såkaldt "levende lys", som de brugte til selv at manipulere stof og skabe deres egne kroppe. Det er muligt, at det var de væsener, der "smed" Infinity Stones til deres nuværende form. De overtog bestemt magtstenen, og samleren viste optagelser af de himmelske, der brugte den til at bedømme hele verdener og civilisationer.

Himmelskernes endelige skæbne er uklar, men det forekommer sandsynligt, at andre racer rejste sig for at føre krig mod dem. Himmelskerne blev næsten udryddet, med bare fragmenter af deres kroppe efterladt et gigantisk kranium i sidste ende ville blive minedriftsinstallationen Knowhere. Kun en sidste Himmelsk var tilbage, det nyfødte væsen, der ville komme til at kalde sig Ego.

Ifølge Collector blev Power Stone kortvarigt erhvervet af en gruppe mindre væsener, der brugte sin magt i et øjeblik, før de blev fortæret. Det er muligt, at de brugte det mod de himmelske, og at disse uhyrlige fremmede væsener blev ødelagt af deres eget våben. Power Stone blev i sidste ende udskilt på planeten Morag.


Dodge Avenger Modelhistorie

Afsløringen af ​​helt nye og redesignede biler, lastbiler og SUV’er ledes til en forhandler i nærheden af ​​dig i 2019. Få vist en forhåndsvisning af specifikke nye modeller for et mere dybtgående kig på, hvad der kommer, eller gennemse billederne for at se, hvad der vil blive fornyet fra hver bilproducent .

Avenger -navnet dukkede først op i 1995 som en sportscoupe -erstatning for Dodge Daytona. Baseret på den samme struktur som Stratus sedan, kunne Dodge Avenger to-dørs coupé også skelnes ved sin forreste ende. For 1998 kom Avenger med en brændstofeffektiv 2,0-liters firecylindret motor eller en 163 hestekræfter, 2,5-liters V-6-motor.

I 2001 blev Dodges mellemstore, to-dørs coupe omdøbt til en Stratus, hvilket resulterede i hviletid for Avenger-typeskiltet i syv år. I 2008 droppede Dodge Stratus og genoplod Avenger-navnet for deres redesignede mellemstore sedan. Stylet på samme måde som Dodge Charger, kom 2008 Avenger sedan i modellerne SE, SXT og R/T.

SE og SXT modeller af Dodge Avenger blev tilbudt med et valg af en 2,4-liters firecylindret motor eller en 2,7-liters V-6 motor. På den præstationstilpassede Avenger R/T-model fra 2008 var en 3,5-liters V-6, der producerede 235 hestekræfter parret med en sekstrins automatgearkasse med AutoStick, standard. Den sekscylindrede motor, der drev 2008 Dodge Avenger R/T, gav også købere mulighed for firehjulstræk.

Alternativet med firehjulstræk blev afbrudt efter modelåret 2009. Unikke udvendige komponenter og 18-tommer hjul giver yderligere identifikation af R/T-modellen. Alle modeller af Dodge Avenger inkluderede fartpilot, nøglefri adgang, cd -afspiller og aircondition. Tilgængelige muligheder på Dodge Avenger omfattede automatisk temperaturkontrol, lædersæder og en Chill Zone -kølet handskerum.

I 2011 blev en 283-hestes, 3,6-liters Pentastar V-6-motor introduceret til Avenger gennem Heat-trimniveauet. Siden introduktionen til markedet har Dodge Avenger haft en vellykket periode i kategorien NHRA Pro Stock. Avenger-navnet blev også tilpasset Dodges NASCAR Sprint Cup Series-bilprogram i 2007 under udrulningen af ​​de såkaldte Car of Tomorrow racerkøretøjsspecifikationer.


Publikationshistorie om Captain America Comic Book

1974 Comic Art Convention -program med Simons originale skitse af Captain America.

I 1940 opfattede forfatteren Joe Simon ideen til Captain America og lavede en skitse af karakteren i kostume. "Jeg skrev navnet 'Super American' nederst på siden," sagde Simon i sin selvbiografi. "Nej, det virkede ikke. Der var for mange 'Supers' rundt. 'Captain America' havde en god lyd. Der var ikke mange kaptajner i tegneserier. Det var lige så let som det. Drengkammeraten hed simpelthen Bucky, efter min ven Bucky Pierson, en stjerne på vores gymnasium i gymnasiet. "

Simon mindede i sin selvbiografi om, at Timely Comics-forlaget Martin Goodman gav ham klarsignal fra og instruerede, at en Captain America-solo-tegneserie skulle udgives hurtigst muligt. Simon havde brug for at fylde en fuld tegneserie med primært en karakterhistorier og troede ikke på, at hans faste kreative partner, kunstneren Jack Kirby, kunne klare arbejdsbyrden alene:

1974 Comic Art Convention -program med Simons originale skitse af Captain America.

Al Liederman ville skrive det første nummer, som blev skrevet af Simon og Kirbys almindelige brevskriver, Howard Ferguson.

Simon sagde, at Captain America var en bevidst politisk skabelse, han og Kirby blev moralsk frastødt af Nazitysklands handlinger i årene op til USA's engagement i Anden Verdenskrig og følte, at krig var uundgåelig: "Modstanderne til krigen var alle ganske velorganiseret. Vi ville også sige vores mening. "

Captain America Comics #1 -cover-dateret marts 1941 og til salg i december 1940, et år før bombningen af ​​Pearl Harbor, men et helt år ind i Anden Verdenskrig-viste hovedpersonen slå Nazi-leder Adolf Hitler i kæben-solgte næsten en million eksemplarer. Mens de fleste læsere reagerede positivt på tegneserien, tog nogle indvendinger. Simon bemærkede: "Da det første nummer udkom, fik vi mange. Trusselbreve og hadpost. Nogle mennesker var virkelig imod, hvad Cap stod for." Selvom Captain America blev forudgået som en "patriotisk tema -superhelt" af MLJ's The Shield, blev Captain America straks den mest fremtrædende og vedvarende af den bølge af superhelte, der blev introduceret i amerikanske tegneserier før og under Anden Verdenskrig [nødvendig citat]. Med sin sidekick Bucky stod Captain America over for nazister, japanere og andre trusler mod Amerika og de allierede i krigstid. Captain America blev hurtigt Timelys mest populære karakter og havde endda en fanklub kaldet "Sentinels of Liberty." Tid i perioden. [10] Efter at Simon og Kirby -holdet flyttede til DC i slutningen af ​​1941, efter at have produceret Captain America Comics gennem nummer 10 (januar 1942), blev Al Avison og Syd Shores regelmæssige blyanter af den berømte titel, hvor den ene generelt blækkede over den anden. Karakteren blev også vist i All Winners Comics #1-19 (Summer 1941-Fall 1946), Marvel Mystery Comics #80-84 og #86-92, USA Comics #6-17 (Dec. 1942-Fall 1945) og Alle udvalgte tegneserier #1-10 (efterår 1943-sommeren 1946).

I efterkrigstiden, hvor populariteten af ​​superhelte falmede, førte Captain America Timelys første superheltehold, All-Winners Squad, i sine to offentliggjorte eventyr, i All Winners Comics #19 og #21 (efterår – vinter 1946 var der ingen problem nr. 20). Efter at Bucky blev skudt og såret i en Captain America -historie fra 1948, blev han efterfulgt af Captain Americas kæreste, Betsy Ross, der blev superheltinden Golden Girl. Captain America Comics sluttede med nummer 75 (februar 1950), hvor serien havde fået titlen Captain America's Weird Tales for to numre, hvor finalen var et rædsel/spændingsantologi -problem uden superhelte.

Atlas Comics forsøgte at genoplive sine superhelte-titler, da den genindførte Captain America sammen med den originale Human Torch og Sub-Mariner i Young Men #24 (december 1953). Faktureret som "Captain America, Commie Smasher!" Captain America dukkede op i løbet af det næste år i Young Men #24-28 og Men's Adventures #27-28, samt i numre #76-78 af en eponymous titel. Atlas 'forsøg på superhelteoplivning var en kommerciel fiasko, [11], og karakterens titel blev annulleret med Captain America #78 (september 1954).


Avenger's History - Historie

Hvem skal dø i Avengers: Infinity War? Sandsynligvis alle. Eller ingen. I hvert fald Captain America. The Avengers har en stolt tradition for at dø forfærdeligt … og normalt blive genoplivet et par spørgsmål senere. Mens vi har vores egne teorier om, hvem der sandsynligvis dør i Uendelig krig, i dag ser vi tilbage på en kort historie om hver gang Avengers er døde i tegneserierne.

Først og fremmest et hurtigt punkt: for at bevare min fornuft, vil dette dække kernen i Avengers fra 2012 -filmen, fordi det er dem, der er mest tilbøjelige til at bide den i Uendelig krig i betragtning af deres hurtigt udløbne kontrakter. Så det er Iron Man, Captain America, Thor, Black Widow, Hawkeye og Hulken.

For det andet, lad os få to store komiske begivenheder af vejen:

1) I 1991's Infinity Gauntlet -serie dræber Thanos dybest set hver eneste Avenger på stadig mere forfærdelige måder

2) I 1996's Onslaught Saga, næsten hver hævner på denne liste – undtagen for Black Widow – dør under kampen mod Onslaught, den ondsindede psioniske baby dannet af bevidstheden hos professor X og Magneto.

I begge tilfælde blev alle bragt tilbage til livet, og status quos blev effektivt restaureret, fordi tegneserier.

Jernmand

Tony Stark kan kaldes Invincible Iron Man, men han har blandet denne dødelige spole en eller to gange før. I 1995’erne Avengers: The Crossing historien, blev Tony Stark afsløret for at have arbejdet for Kang Erobreren hele tiden og begynde at myrde mennesker til venstre og højre. The Avengers måtte rejse gennem tiden for at få en 19-årig Tony Stark til at hjælpe med at besejre sit ældre selv. I sidste ende ofrede Old Tony sit liv for at besejre Kang, så hans yngre jeg og hans venner kunne leve.

Teenager Tony, også kaldet Iron Boy, klarede sig ikke meget bedre. Mens han kæmpede med en af ​​de værste ting, der kom ud af 90'erne, Onslaught, ofrede Teen Tony sig selv ved at spydde Doctor Doom og flyve dem to gennem en portal, der sandsynligvis døde sammen med utallige andre helte. Eller det var i hvert fald det, vi troede. Det viser sig, at Franklin Richards, drengeni, skabte en lommedimension, hvor heltene i hemmelighed overlevede. Derved genoplivede Franklin voksen Tony fra Krydsningen og han fusionerede med Teen Tony, da de vendte tilbage til den vigtigste kontinuitet i Earth-616.

Det er heller ikke Tonys første gang eller sidste gang, der trækker en hurtig på publikum. I en 1992-historie led Tony nerveskader under en kamp med Masters of Silence, en gruppe højteknologiske samurai-snigmordere, og døde tilsyneladende på operationsbordet efter at have besejret dem. Eller sådan troede hans BFF James Rhodes. I virkeligheden satte Tony sig i suspenderet animation, indtil han kunne blive bedre. Den værste del? Han fortalte ikke engang War Machine, der var så sur på Tony, at han sluttede deres venskab og gik for at slutte sig til West Coast Avengers. Også i slutningen af Borgerkrig II, viste det sig, at på trods af at han havde lidt sår, der skulle have dræbt ham, havde Tony eksperimenteret på hans krop nok gennem årene til at gøre ham mere maskine end mennesket, så han kunne overleve sine alvorlige sår. Mens han faktisk var "død", levede han videre som alkoholiker A.I. i Riri Williams ’ (Ironheart’s) rustning. Ja, du hørte det rigtigt — en alkoholiker A.I. Selv i efterlivet er Tony en kæmpe idé.

Kaptajn Amerika

Få mennesker i Marvel Universe er døde mere end Captain America. Første Cap døde tilsyneladende i slutningen af ​​Anden Verdenskrig, men det viser sig, at han bare var chillin '–literally – på bunden af ​​havet, bevaret i is takket være Super Soldier Serum i hans årer. I 1969’erne Kaptajn Amerika #111, Steve døde tilsyneladende efter at være blevet skudt af HYDRA -agenter, men det viste sig, at han forfalskede sin død for at narre folk til at tro, at Steve Rogers trods alt ikke var Captain America. I 1978 døde Cap imidlertid for alvor, da han kæmpede mod den kosmisk drevne Michael Korvac, der myrdede ikke kun Steve Rogers, men også alle Avengers OG Guardians of the Galaxy. De blev naturligvis genopstået umiddelbart efter … fordi de selvfølgelig var det.

Hætte bed derefter støvet i 1985’erne Hemmelige krige historie under en kamp med Doctor Doom, hvor den ikke-så-gode læge bruger Beyonder's kosmiske kræfter til at opløse Steve Rogers. Men Beyonder, der havde besiddet liget af Ulysses Klaw, formåede kun at bringe Steve tilbage, så han kunne gå i opløsning igen og blive bragt tilbage igen. Heldigvis sad den sidste gang fast, for ellers er det en temmelig skrækkelig tidsløjfe.

Cap døde igen under begivenhederne i Punisher/Captain America: Blood and Glory. I denne historie bliver Punisher styret af sindet og ender med at skyde Cap. Efter alt at dømme er Cap meget død. De har endda en begravelse for ham. Han er død, ikke? FORKERT! Cap forfalskede hans død, så han og Punisher kunne få slip på de onde. Punisher afslørede også, at han er til alvorligt underlige ting, der involverer hans bolde. Til hver deres, tror jeg.

Cap døde igen et par år senere i 1995’erne Kaptajn Amerika #443, når han får at vide, at hans hjerte vil stoppe, fordi supersoldatsserumet i hans krop endelig er ved at slides af. Endnu en gang har Cap en inderlig begravelse, hvor daværende præsident Bill Clinton bar sin kiste, men som det viser sig, var han blevet reddet i sidste sekund af en barmhjertig samaritaner, der faktisk viste sig at være den værste samaritan af dem alle, Red Skull, der klonede Steve's krop og nu lever i det som en slags oksekøkken.

I 2007 døde Steve forfærdeligt i kølvandet på Borgerkrig, skudt i ryggen af ​​Crossbones efter at have taget en kugle beregnet til en anden, og afsluttede af en sindestyret Sharon Carter, hvor han helt sikkert var 100 procent totalt død for evigt. Hvilket er, hvad jeg ville sige, hvis tegneserier ikke var fulde af de rødeste sild, man kender til. Cap var tilsyneladende død i et år eller deromkring, men i virkeligheden var han frosset i rum og tid takket være den underlige pistol, Sharon Carter brugte.

Hvordan dræber du en gud? Svaret ser ud til at være meget omhyggeligt. Eller bare være vanvittig kraftfuld, som Thanos eller væsenerne bag Ragnarok. Det er ikke bare en sjov kompis, det er også en apokalyptisk begivenhed, der dræbte Thor under begivenhederne den Avengers: Demonteret. Ragnarok, hvilket betyder Gudernes Skumring, kommer langt om længe for Thor og resten af ​​asgardianerne. Mens Thor tillader sig selv og sit folk at blive dræbt, gør han det efter at have ødelagt guder kendt som dem der sidder oven i skyggen, som fik magt ved rituelt at myrde og genskabe asgardianerne. I sandhed døde Thor ikke snarere, han var bare chillin 'i et tomrum af ikke-eksistens, hvor han blev, indtil hans tidligere menneskelige alter ego, Donald Blake, rørte Mjolnir tilbage på Jorden og tilkaldte ham endnu en gang.

Under Frygt dig selv bue, døde Thor i sin fars arme efter at have besejret sin onkel, der havde form af en massiv drage, i enkeltkamp. Selvfølgelig ville Thor ikke forblive død i særlig lang tid. Selvom al hukommelse om ham blev slettet, lykkedes det Loki og Silver Surfer at hjælpe ham med at redde ham fra limbo og bringe Thor tilbage til de levendes land, hvor han tabte 200 kg muskler og nu er vært for Because Science.

Sort enke

Normalt er Natasha Romanov, også kendt som Black Widow, den der uddeler døden med sine elitemorder -evner, men selv de bedste af de bedste i Marvel -universet kan smutte og købe gården. I Black Widows tilfælde blev hun forgiftet af agenter fra den onde ninja -klan Hånden ind vovehals #187, men heldigvis blev hun bedre takket være Stone, et medlem af en gruppe kaldet Kysken.

Under begivenhederne i Hemmelige krige, Earth-616 var ved at blive ødelagt, da en anden virkelighed kolliderede med den. Black Widow fik til opgave at føre et skib med en håndplukket gruppe ud over virkelighedens barrierer, så de i det væsentlige kunne genoplive menneskeheden. Desværre blev dette skib skudt ned, mens det forsøgte at flygte, eksploderede med Natasha og utallige andre, der stadig var ombord. Heldigvis vendte Natasha tilbage til de levendes land, da Black Panther brugte Infinity Gauntlet til at bringe Marvel -universet tilbage til sit status quo.

Sidst og absolut mindst, under Hemmeligt imperium, alles yndlingshistorie, Captain America brækkede hendes hals med sit skjold og dræbte Black Widow. Og hun var meget sandsynligt død, indtil de fjollede videnskabsfolk og tricky torturister i Det Røde Rum fik fat i hende og bragte Natasha tilbage til livet. Hvilket bare viser, at alt er muligt, hvis du har bånd til en skyggefuld organisation med adgang til usigelig teknologi og ubegrænsede ressourcer.

Hawkeye

Den purleste bueskytter i hele landet har lært på den hårde måde, at han blot er dødelig kæmper i situationer, hvor han ofte er vildt ude af sin dybde. Ligesom dengang i 2004’erne Avengers: Demonteret historiebue, Hawkeyes siver fuld af eksplosive pile brænder under en kamp med Kree. I sine sidste øjebliks kommanderer han en Kree jetpack, gør ham til et menneskeligt krydsermissil og sprænger både sig selv og et massivt Kree slagskib i processen. Denne tragedie blev senere fortrudt, da Scarlet Witch ville have ham tilbage til livet i løbet af House of M. historie. Selvom døden endnu en gang ville komme for Hawkeye under denne historie, da han skød Scarlet Witch med en pil, og hun til gengæld slettede ham fra eksistensen på et øjeblik. Måske skulle Avengers være mindre bekymrede for Thanos og mere bekymret for Wanda Maximoff …

Hulken

På trods af hans lammende vredehåndteringsproblemer virker Bruce Banners store grønne alter -eg forbandet nær uforgængeligt. Alligevel er ingen udødelig i Marvel Universe –ogog karakterer, der tilsyneladende er udødelige. Hulk er død mange, mange gange i "Hvad hvis?" historier og underlige fremtidshistorier, men senest blev han myrdet med koldt blod af en, han stolt stolede på: Hawkeye. Da den prækognitive umenneskelige Ulysses Cain havde en forudsigelse om, at Bruce Banner skulle forvandle sig til Hulken og dræbe alle, tog Hawkeye præventiv handling og viste Banner med en pil og dræbte ham øjeblikkeligt. Thanos dræbte også Hulk i en nyere ikke-Uendelig krig sammenhæng. I Thanos igangværende serie stak en futuristisk version af Thanos et massivt sværd gennem både en afskallet Bruce Banner og Silver Surfer og efterlod Bruce en livløs bunke på jorden og Silver Surfer med et hul i brystet.

I modsætning til sin pendant i MCU dræbte Hulk sig selv på et tidspunkt, men ikke hvordan du tænker. Efter at have rejst til fremtiden stod Hulk over for en ond version af sig selv ved navn Maestro, der straks brækkede Hulks nakke i deres første kamp og derefter fik Hulk til at pleje tilbage til sundhed af en eller anden grund. Til sidst sejrede vores Bruce Banner dog ved at sende Maestro tilbage i tiden til det præcise øjeblik, gammabomben, der skabte ham detonerede, udslettede Maestro og efterlod Bruce Banner med endnu en ting at være bekymret for.

Og det er en kort historie om, at Avengers dør igen og igen og igen i tegneserierne. Hvilken Avengers tegneseriedød betyder mest for dig? Hvad ville du tilføje til denne liste? Lad mig vide i kommentarerne herunder.

Dan Casey er seniorredaktør for Nerdist og forfatter til bøger om Star Wars og Avengers. Følg ham på Twitter (@DanCasey).


Grumman Avenger i amerikansk tjeneste

Grumman TBF/ TBM Avenger var den eneste torpedobomber, der blev brugt af den amerikanske flåde fra sommeren 1942 til slutningen af ​​Anden Verdenskrig, selvom den tjente som et konventionelt bombefly oftere end som en torpedobomber. Det blev brugt fra de største flådebærere, fra eskortebærere i Atlanterhavet og Stillehavet og af US Marine Corps.

US Navy i Stillehavet

De første få produktionsfly blev tildelt VT-8, torpedoskadronen, der tjener ombord på USS Gedehams (CV-8). Flyet ankom for sent til at slutte sig til eskadrille inden Gedehams forlod Stillehavet, og så efter oparbejdning foretog de en episk flyvning over Stillehavet i et forsøg på at indhente deres transportør og nåede Midway Island lige før slaget. Avengers kampdebut kom under slaget ved Midway, og var temmelig katastrofalt. De seks fly begav sig ud for at angribe den japanske flåde, men fem blev skudt ned. Det overlevende fly haltede tilbage til Midway med et hjul og torpedodørdørene hængende åbne, meget begrænsede kontroller, kanonisten døde og den tredje besætningsmedlem såret. Ingen af ​​deres torpedoer ramte et mål. Heldigvis var denne første katastrofe ikke forårsaget af nogen fejl i flyet, men af ​​dens anvendelse i små mængder mod den godt forsvarede japanske flåde.

The Avenger blev meget hurtigt den eneste torpedobomber i amerikansk tjeneste. Denne ændrings hastighed var ikke helt forsætlig, men kampene ved Coral Sea og Midway havde kostet den amerikanske flåde de fleste af dens operationelle TBD-1 Devastators. En eskadrille gik tabt med USS Lexington ved Koralhavet. VT-3, VT-6 og VT-8 deltog alle i slaget ved Midway og sluttede kampen med kun fire operationelle fly imellem dem. Dette efterlod kun elleve TBD-1'er i Stillehavet og otte i Atlanterhavet.

De ødelagte enheder blev reformeret i USA og var udstyret med nye TBF-1 Avengers. I august, kun to måneder efter Midway, var hver torpedoskadron, der gik i gang med et amerikansk luftfartsselskab i Stillehavet, udstyret med det nye fly.

De nye enheder spillede en rolle i landingen på Guadalcanal den 7. august. VT-3 på Virksomhed, VT-7 på Hveps og VT-8 på Saratoga were used to support the landings, although here they acted as conventional level bombers rather than torpedo bombers, very much a sign of things to come.

The Avenger was finally used in its intended role, as a carrier-borne torpedo bomber, during the Battle of the Eastern Solomons (24-25 August 1942). This saw VT-3 on Virksomhed og Hornet's Torpedo Flight, operating from Saratoga, clash with three Japanese carriers that were part of a force threatening the lines of communication with the Marines on Guadalcanal. Even here the Avenger's initial use was as a scout plane, carrying two 500lb bombs. On 24 August two aircraft from VT-3 found the Japanese light carrier Ryujo, and made a bombing attack on it. All four bombs missed.

Once the news of this sighting reached the American fleet a strike force of 28 SBD Dauntless dive bombers and eight TBF-1 Avengers was launched from Saratoga. Seven Avengers reached their targets, and five attacked the carrier. Of these one scored a confirmed hit, while two more were possible. The Japanese carrier was also hit by a number of bombs, and sank. During the battle three Avengers were lost to enemy action, two ran out of fuel and two were jettisoned after suffering heavy damage.

After the battle VT-3 reported that their new aircraft was a great success, and had 'numerous possibilities as a combatant plane, inner and intermediate air patrol plane, and as a glide bomber', although more guns were requested, and would appear with the TBF-1C/ TMB-1C.

Twenty nine Avengers were available during the battle of the Santa Cruz Islands (26-27 October 1942), from VT-6 on Hornet and VT-10 on Virksomhed. Det Virksomhed's Avengers became involved in an encounter battle with a Japanese carrier strike force and suffered heavy losses before making an unsuccessful attack on their targets. Hornet's Avengers attacked the Tone, but also failed to score any hits. Their return trip was difficult - six were forced to ditch when they ran out of fuel, and another was shot down by returning Japanese fighters. Worse was to come - the Hornet was hit by D3A 'Val' dive bombers and B5N 'Kate' torpedo bombers, and was sunk, while the Virksomhed was also damaged.

199 Avengers on five attack carriers, five light carriers and eight escort carriers took part in the invasions of Makin and Tarawa between 10 November and 10 December 1943.

An even larger force of 247 Avengers on six attack, six light and eight escort carriers helped support the attacks on Majuro, Kwajalein and Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands between 29 January and 23 February 1944.

The scale of the American war effort became clear during the Battle of the Philippine Sea of 19-24 June 1944. Two years earlier, in the last major carrier battles, the Americans had been able to field three carriers. On 13 June 1944 Vice Admiral Marc Mitscher had fifteen carriers with 900 aircraft, including seven fleet carriers and seven light carriers carrying Avengers, for a total of 185 operational aircraft. Task Group 52, with eight escort carriers, carried another 83 Avengers. The battle was triggered by the American invasion of Saipan, and saw nine Japanese carriers attack the fleet. The Avengers didn't play any role in the famous 'Marianas Turkey Shoot' of 19 June. Two Japanese carriers were sunk by submarines, leaving seven intact to attempt to escape to the west, although with their precious air groups destroyed.

On 20 June the American fleet devoted all of its efforts to finding Admiral Ozawa's fleet. Eventually, late in the day, the Japanese fleet was found, and 54 Avengers along with 162 F6F Hellcats, SB2C Helldivers and SBD Dauntlesses, were dispatched to attack them. A fierce air battle developed over the Japanese carriers, but the defenders was overwhelmed.

Despite the size of the American attacking force the results of the attack were disappointing. Avengers from VT-24 managed to sink the carrier Hiyo with torpedoes, but most were armed with 500lb bombs, and although the carriers Chiyoda og Zuikaku were damaged they managed to escape.

This was only a temporary respite for the Japanese. After a few preparatory operations the Americans returned to the Philippines, landing on Leyte. Task Force 38 had nine attack and eight light carriers, with 236 Avengers, although USS Princeton was lost early in the operation. These Avengers were used to make a series of attacks on Okinawa and Formosa on 10-16 October 1944, before moving on to attack Japanese positions on the Philippines on 18-19 October.

The Japanese saw this attack as their last chance to force the decisive fleet battle they had been seeking since Midway. Their plan involved fleets sailing from Singapore and from Japan, with the once-might carrier force demoted to the role of a decoy. This was Admiral Ozawa's Main Force, sailing from Japan with the carriers Chitose, Chiyoda, Zuikaku og Zuiho, but only 100 aircraft. The real damage was to be done by Admiral Kurita's First Striking Force, which contained seven battleships, including the Musashi og Yamato, the two biggest battleships ever built.

The Japanese plan was a partial success. On 24 October the Americans discovered Kurita's fleet and pummelled it. Six carriers were involved in the attacks. Det Musashi was hit by nineteen torpedoes from Avengers, and at 7.35pm she sank. Admiral Kurita decided to delay his attack until the night of 24-25 October, and withdrew temporarily. This move was discovered by the Americans, and helped convince Admiral Halsey that this threat had been dealt with.

At 3.40pm the Japanese carrier force was found by US scout planes. The Japanese had shown a very impressive ability to replace lost aircraft in the past and Halsey had no way to know that the carriers posed no real threat. Task Force 38, with the fleet carriers and light carriers, moved north to deal with this potentially very serious threat.

TF 38's Avengers played a major part in the four main attacks launched on 25 October, sinking or helping to sink all four Japanese carriers. Det Chitose was sunk during the first attack. Det Chiyoda was hit and damaged so badly during the second attack that she was abandoned. Det Zuikaku, the last surviving carrier from the force that had attacked Pearl Harbor, was damaged during the first attack and sunk by three torpedoes from Avengers of VT-19 during the third attack. Det Zuiho was also damaged during the first attack and sunk during the third.

In theory Task Group 77's eighteen carriers carried a powerful force of 187 Avengers and 292 fighters - the fact that the Avengers were operating from escort carriers rather than fleet carriers had no impact on their performance. However the escort carriers had a limited amount of storage space for ammunition, and they were carrying normal bombs and rockets, intended to support the troops on Leyte, rather than the torpedoes and armour piercing bombs they needed against the Japanese battleships and cruisers.

Kurita had not been expecting to find any aircraft carriers off Leyte, but early on the morning of 25 October his fleet ran into the six escort carriers of Admiral Sprague's Task Unit 77.4.3. Sprague's only option was to head south towards the other two escort groups, while launching every aircraft he had in an attempt to distract the Japanese. Many of his Avengers were launched without bombs or torpedoes loaded, but they managed to convince Kurita that he was facing a much more powerful force than he really was. The aircraft from 'Taffy Three', combined with more from 'Taffy Two' as that second task unit came into range and with the determined attacks of Sprague's destroyer screen, eventually convinced Kurita to abandon the attack. Even so two carriers had been lost - the Gambier Bay to gunfire and the St Lo by a kamikaze, and three destroyers had been sunk. Three of the Japanese light cruisers had been so badly damaged by bombs from the Avengers that they had to be abandoned, although forty-two Avengers were lost.

The next American target was Iwo Jima. Immediately before the invasion of that island Task Force 38, with fourteen fast carriers and 201 Avengers (including new TBM-3s in five squadrons), sailed for Japan, launching a series of raids around Tokyo on 16-17 February 1945. The same carriers then took part in the invasion of Iwo Jima, attacking Japanese positions on the island.

Task Force 58 was also involved in the invasion of Okinawa, and one final battle with a major element of the Japanese surface fleet. This was the giant battleship Yamato, which was dispatched towards Okinawa on 7 April on a suicide mission. She never reached her destination. Instead 300 aircraft from Task Force 58 attacked her while she was still over 200 miles away, scoring 18 torpedo hits on the battleship. Although the Yamato was still afloat when the attacks ended, she was mortally wounded and capsized and exploded.

Towards the end of the war the Avengers of Task Force 38 (under Halsey) took part in a series of air strikes on the Japanese Home Islands that lasted from 10 July until the end of the war.

Towards the end of the war the Avenger became increasingly superfluous. The single-seat fighter bombers, in particular the Hellcat and Corsair, were able to carry the same payload of standard bombs or rockets at higher speeds, although over shorter distances, than the Avenger, while the decreasing number of Japanese ships found at sea reduced the need for a torpedo bomber. Indeed the Avenger spent far more time operating as a level bomber than as a torpedo bomber, at least in part because of severe problems with the main American air-launched torpedo. The Helldiver began to replace it in some VT and VA squadrons, and after the end of the war it was quickly phased out as an attack aircraft, in favour of a new generation of single-seat naval attack aircraft.

This didn't end the Avenger's active career. Its large bomb bay proved to be ideal for conversion to a wide range of alternative roles and versions of the Avenger served as both the hunter and killer in anti-submarine warfare (-3W and -3S), and as a transport aircraft designed to carry supplies and personnel onto aircraft carriers at sea (-3R) amongst other things.

Mediterranean

Twenty seven TBF-1s took part in Operation Torch, operating with VGS-26 (USS Sangaman), VGS-27 (USS Sawannee) and VGS-29 (USS Santee). Many of the crews were very inexperienced, and the squadrons suffered heavy losses, but they did help to silence several heavy gun batteries and three aircraft from VGS-27 became the first Avengers to sink a submarine when they destroyed a Vichy French submarine.

Escort Carriers - Anti-Submarine Warfare

The Avenger was used extensively from American escort carriers during the Battle of the Atlantic (and briefly by the British, although the Swordfish remained the aircraft of choice on the smaller carriers).

The first US escort carrier to enter the fray was USS Bogue, which formed the centre-piece of an escort group made up of ex-First World War destroyers. Det Bogue received Composite Air Wing Nine (VC-9) with twelve Wildcats and eight TBF-1 Avengers, armed with bombs and depth bombs. She entered service in March 1943, and escorted three convoys in March and April, without any success. However this early experience did give the new group some valuable experience. It was realised that more Avengers were needed, and the compliment of aircraft was changed to nine Wildcats and twelve Avengers. A more active search pattern was developed, covering the area to the front and sides of the convoy in an attempt to find U-boats as they were approaching a convoy.

The new tactics paid off in May 1943, when the Bogue was escorted convoy ON-184 heading from the UK to the US. On 21 May U-231 was attacked, and was forced to return to base for repairs. On the following day four submarines were attacked. The third, U-305, was also forced home for repairs, and the fourth, U-569, was scuttled after two damaging attacks. Two more sinkings followed in June, and by the end of the war VC-9 had eight confirmed kills out of the thirty achieved by the composite air wings, making it the most successful of them.

In July VC-9 claimed more kills, while VC-13 on USS Core and VC-29 on USS Santee claimed their first victories. Six U-boats were sunk, and the air gap began to be closed. The month also saw the first use of the Mk 24 Fido torpedo, when on 14 July one sank U-160 after homing in on its engines.

The majority of Avenger U-boat kills came during 1943. Only nine was achieved during 1944, ending with the destruction of U-1229 by USS Bogue. The year also saw the only US carrier sunk during the Battle of the Atlantic, when on 29 May the Block Island was sunk by U-549.

The fall in victories during 1944 actually marked the Allied victory in the Atlantic. The wolf packs had been withdrawn by Donitz, and the targets simply weren't there any more. In 1944, with the help of the Avengers, the U-boat threat became more of a nuisance.

Escort carriers carrying Avengers also played a part in the anti-submarine war in the Pacific, with most action coming during 1945. The Japanese used their submarines in a different way to the Germans, focusing on attacks on American warships, so most of the six fleet submarines sunk by escort carriers in the Pacific were sunk during the major battles - in the Philippine Sea, at Iwo Jima and at Okinawa.

Night Fighter

Although the Avenger was not used as a night-fighter in its own right, it was used to control more suitable fighters in the dark. The theory was that a radar-equipped Avenger would operate with two F6F Hellcats. The radar operator in the Avenger would guide the Hellcats onto their targets, and they would complete the interception.

The first test of this idea was fairly disastrous. It involved Edward 'Butch' O'Hare, already a famous fighter ace. In November 1943 he was on the Virksomhedduring operations in the Gilbert Islands. The carrier was being attacked at night by G4M 'Bettys', and so on 26 November O'Hare, his Wingman and an Avenger took to the air. The first two interceptions demonstrated one problem with the concept - it turned out to be easier for the radar equipped Avenger to shoot down the G4Ms than to put the fighters in the right place. The third fight demonstrated a second, rather more dangerous problem - it was not always possible to be sure who you were shooting at. As the Hellcats returned to the Avenger ready to intercept a new wave of attacks a fire fight broke out between the Avenger and a Betty. O'Hare was caught in the crossfire, probably hit by Japanese bullets and killed.

Night Bomber

The Avenger was more successful as a night bomber. The concept was developed by William I Martin, the commander of VT-10 on the Virksomhedafter her 1943 refit. The existing airborne radar in the Avenger could detect ships at up to 50 nautical miles, far enough away to be useful. By the start of 1944 Martin was ready to test out his ideas in practise, although a broken elbow prevented him from taking part in the first raid himself. This was a night attack on Truk carried out by twelve Avengers on the night of 16-17 February 1944, each armed with four 500lb bombs. Thirteen Japanese ships were either sunk or so badly damaged that they had to be beached

Three carriers - Independence (CVL-22), Saratoga (CV-3)and Virksomhed (CV-6)- operated either as dedicated night carriers or with a full night squadron onboard. Det Independence was first, gaining VT(N)-41 in October 1944 with the TBF/M-1D. These were replaced by TBM-3Ds in February 1945, but soon after this the carrier reverted to day operations. VT(N)-41 did much of its flying during the day, but did gain valuable experience in night operations.

Det Saratoga was next to operate at night, with dedicated day and night squadrons allowing her to provide 24-hour support for the troops on Iwo Jima. VT(N)-53 provided the night-time cover, until on 21 February the Saratoga was very badly damaged by four kamikaze aircraft and had to be withdraw.

Det Virksomhed stepped in to fill the gap, bringing William Martin back into night operations. He was now commander of VT(N)-90, which had formed in August 1944 with 27 'D' type Avengers, modified for night operations. Det Virksomhed also had VF(N)-90, with nineteen F6F-5N night fighters and eleven standard F6F-5s. Together the two squadrons formed Air Group 90(N) on the Virksomhed in January 1945.

In the week after Saratoga was damaged the Virksomhed provided night cover, flying just over half of her sorties after dark. Det Virksomhed continued to operate at night until she too was badly damaged by a kamikaze attack in mid-April and forced to return to the United States for repairs.

One more night squadron entered combat before the end of the war, VT(N)-91 on USS Bon Homme Richard, beginning in June 1945 and remaining in service until the end of the war.

US Marine Corps

The Avenger was used by a number of Marine Corps squadrons, both on land and from a number of dedicated aircraft carriers. At first these squadrons were designation as VMSB squadrons (Strike Bombers), but they were soon renamed as VMTB squadrons (Torpedo Bombers). The first to enter combat was VMSB-131 which reached Henderson Field with its TBF-1s just in time to take part in the last major Japanese offensive.

The Marine Avengers achieved their first major success during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in mid-November 1942. At this point VMSB-131 was operating alongside VT-10 (normally based on the Virksomhed) and VT-8. On 13 November all three squadrons took part in a series of attacks on the Japanese battleship Hiei, claiming ten torpedo hits from twenty-six launched, and sinking the battleship. Another success came on the next day when aircraft from VT-10 and VMSB-131 sank the cruiser Kinugasa. There were rare examples of Marine Corps Avengers making torpedo attacks - most of the time they used bombs and rockets to support the Marines or depth charges and rockets while on anti-submarine patrols, and they may not have used torpedoes at all after leaving the Solomon Islands.

One year after VMSB-131 made its debut on Guadalcanal, VMTB-143, 232 and 233 took part in the fighting on Bougainville, operating from Torokina air strip. The same three units then took part in the prolonged series of attacks on the Japanese airfields and harbour at Rabaul, allowing that strong Japanese base to be neutralised and leapfrogged.

In July 1944 VMTB-131 and VMTB-242 took part in the fighting in the Mariana Islands, providing air support of Guam and Tinian respectively.

In August 1944 VMTB-134 took part in the invasion of Peleliu, operating from airfields that were virtually on the front line.

In March 1945 VMTB-242 was still based on Tinian, but the war had moved on to Iwo Jima. The squadron took off to make the 800 mile trip to Iwo Jima, planning to land on the island if an airstrip had been secured or on a nearby carrier if not. They were eventually able to land on the island, providing air support for the ground troops. At the end of the campaign they flew anti-submarine patrols from the island, then returned to Tinian, before eventually returning to the US.

The Marine Avengers also played a part in the invasion of Okinawa, where from April 1945 VMTB-131 and VMTB-232 provided air support for the group troops and patrolled the surrounding seas.

Marine Corps Carriers

Four aircraft carriers operated with Marine Corps squadrons embarked. USS Block Island carried VMTB-233 during the battle of Okinawa and for attacks on the Ryukyu Islands. USS Gilbert Island had VMTB-143 during the Okinawa campaign and then took part in the attack on Balikpapan. USS Vella Gulf had VMTB-234, operating in the Central Pacific and attacking Pagan and Rota. Finally USS Cape Gloucester operated VMTB-132 in the East China Sea.

Another four Marine-manned carriers were planned for Operation Olympic - the invasion of Japan - but the end of the war meant that they were not needed.

The Avenger had a very impressive track record during the Second World War. Japan lost 19 aircraft carriers after it entered service, and the Avenger contributed to twelve of them. The Avenger was also involved in the sinking of six of eleven battleships and nineteen of forty-one cruisers lost by the Japanese, as well as twenty five destroyers. The Avenger also carried out numerous attacks on Japanese bases, ground attack missions to support Allied troops and anti-submarine patrols, both in the Pacific and in the Atlantic.


Corporate history

The precursor to Marvel Comics was founded in 1939 by pulp magazine publisher Martin Goodman. In order to capitalize on the growing popularity of comic books—especially those starring superheroes—Goodman created Timely Comics. Timely’s first comic book was Marvel Comics no. 1 (cover dated October 1939), which featured several superhero characters, most notably the Human Torch and the Sub-Mariner. Timely Comics introduced many superhero characters during comics’ “Golden Age” in the 1940s, most importantly Captain America, who first appeared in Captain America Comics no. 1 (March 1941). Timely characters were often portrayed as fighting against the Nazis and the Japanese even before the United States entered World War II. As the 1940s came to a close, superheroes fell out of vogue with comic book readers, and Timely canceled the last of its books in this genre in 1950. In 1951 Goodman formed his own distribution company, and Timely Comics became Atlas Magazines. Though there was a brief experiment in bringing back superheroes such as Captain America in 1953, Atlas’s output was mostly in other genres such as humour, westerns, horror, war, and science fiction.

In 1956 rival company DC Comics ushered in the so-called Silver Age of comics by reintroducing superhero titles with significant commercial success. In the early 1960s Atlas changed its name to Marvel Comics. For several decades Marvel and DC were the top companies in the industry. Throughout the 1980s and ’90s Marvel changed hands numerous times, becoming a publicly held company in 1991. Questionable management decisions and a general slump in sales in the comic book industry drove Marvel Comics into bankruptcy in 1996. The company emerged from bankruptcy in 1998 and began to diversify its output, launching imprints aimed at a variety of demographics and expanding its cinematic offerings under the Marvel Studios banner. In 2007 Marvel began publishing digital comics. In 2009 the Walt Disney Company purchased the parent company of Marvel Comics.


The History of Avengers vs. X-Men


The Avengers have been fighting the X-Men since the hallowed days of the Silver Age. In this feature we look back at some of the more memorable clashes between these teams, and how those battles have impacted the events of Avengers vs. X-Men.

Round+1+–+The+First+Battle

Year: 1968
As Seen In: Avengers Vol. 1 #53

The late ❠s were probably the lowest point ever for the X-Men franchise. Sales were falling, there was no regular creative team to speak of, and the merry mutants simply didn't have the following heroes like Spider-Man and the Fantastic Four did.

Have you read The Avengers [1963]?

So what better way to boost interest in an ailing team than to have them battle the Avengers? The first major clash between these two teams occurred in Avengers #53. The conflict came about when Magneto returned and forced his children to defect from the Avengers and rejoin his Brotherhood of Evil Mutants. Both superhero teams showed up to battle the Master of Magnetism, and naturally, wound up fighting each other instead.

A match-up between the full roster of late ❠s Avengers and the original X-Men would have been unfair considering that the former included powerhouses like Iron Man and Thor and the latter consisted of a kid who threw snowballs and a guy with wings. Luckily for the X-Men, they faced a drastically reduced Avengers squad of only Black Panther, Goliath, Wasp, and Hawkeye.

Sadly, the X-Men were about to experience Black Panther's Batman-esque ability to utterly destroy all opponents. Panther rallied his team and led them to a decisive victory over the X-Men (a rare outcome in these sorts of team-ups). But Magneto ultimately got what was coming, as he was betrayed by Toad and seemingly died when his island fortress exploded.

Winner: The Avengers

Round+2+–+The+Avengers+vs.+Magneto

Year: 1987
As Seen In: The X-Men vs. The Avengers TPB

What a difference two decades can make. Whereas the X-Men were flirting with cancellation in 1968, they were now at the top of the superhero pack by the time their next major brawl with the Avengers unfolded.

Once again, Magneto was the spark that fueled the fire. During this period, Magneto had become leader of the X-Men in Xavier's absence and was making an earnest attempt at reforming. But his already flimsy reputation took another beating when Asteroid M began falling apart and raining destruction on Earth. The U.S. and Russia show a rare moment of Cold War cooperation and dispatch their respective super-teams to haul Magneto in.

The ensuing fight was enough to fill several issues this time. It helped that all sides boasted more firepower than before. Magneto's team included Rogue, Wolverine, Storm, and Havok. The Avengers included Captain Marvel, Captain America, Thor, She-Hulk, and Black Knight. Meanwhile, the Russians sent a squad including Crimson Dynamo, Darkstar, and Ursa Major.

With enemies besieging them from both sides, the X-Men never really stood a chance in this fight. Magneto's ultimate goal became to elude his attackers and use a special helmet he retrieved to psychically rewire humanity and remove their prejudice against mutants. But after testing it on Captain America, he realized A) Cap has no prejudice against anyone but Nazis, and B) that "A" on his forehead does not, in fact, stand for "France."

Faced with these truths, Magneto surrendered and prepared to stand trial before the world court. But though it was determined his crimes simply weren't punishable, this fight only further harmed Magneto's standing and set back human/mutant relations even further.

Winner: The Avengers

Round+3+–+Bloodties

Year: 1993
As Seen In: Avengers/X-Men: Bloodties TPB

That Magneto. He's capable of instigating a conflict between the X-Men and Avengers even while brain-dead and comatose. Bloodties unfolded shortly after the events of the Fatal Attractions crossover. Magneto's latest bid for power led to the defection of Colossus, the near death of Wolverine, and Xavier wiping his old friend's mind clean.

The real culprit here was Magneto's treacherous former Acolyte Fabian Cortez. Cortez caused civil war to break out on the island nation of Genosha and then kidnapped Magneto's granddaughter, Luna, hoping for some insurance against a man who wasn't exactly in revenge-seeking shape. Unfortunately for him, Luna's parents were, and they enlisted both the X-Men and Avengers to rescue her.

Bloodties wasn't really a battle between these two teams, although the chaotic story and artwork might make it seem so at times. The conflict focused mainly on the hunt for Luna and the eventual battle with Exodus when Magneto's herald showed up to kill both Cortez and his prey. Thus, neither side really won in the end, though the Avengers were worse off after losing the support of the U.N.

Winner: Neither

Round+4+–+Ultimate+War

Year: 2003
As Seen In: Ultimate X-Men Vol. 5 – Ultimate War TPB

The X-Men and Avengers managed to keep pretty much to themselves after Bloodties, other than the occasional team-up to battle Onslaught and the like. The next major showdown occurred in the Ultimate Universe rather than the regular Marvel U. But, as always, Magneto was to blame for the two teams coming to blows.

By the time the second year of Mark Millar's Ultimate X-Men run had wrapped, Magneto had recently regained his memories after being mind-wiped by Xavier. He immediately sought revenge. Nick Fury wanted to know why Xavier had been keeping the world's most hated terrorist hidden away.

Most of Ultimate War sees the X-Men eluding the Ultimates, but the two teams do finally clash in a series of one-on-one battles in the final issue. Unfortunately for the X-Men, their youth and inexperience showed. Even Wolverine was taken down by a Captain America who isn't afraid to fight dirty. Xavier and several of his students were captured in the end, with the remaining X-Men left to confront Magneto and redeem their names.

Winner: The Ultimates

Round+5+–+The+Fight+For+Scarlet+Witch

Year: 2004-2012
As Seen In: Avengers: Disassembled HC, House of M HC, Avengers: The Children's Crusade HC

Within the regular Marvel Universe, the next big Avengers/X-Men conflict came when Scarlet Witch went haywire. That's right, if it isn't Magneto stirring up trouble between Marvel's two biggest franchises, it's his pesky kids.

The trouble began in Avengers: Disassembled when Scarlet Witch's hex powers went out of control and led to the deaths of several team members. Magneto showed up to cart her away to Genosha, but in House of M, the two teams convened to argue about a more permanent solution. Should they kill her to prevent more chaos and death? Which group – Avengers or mutants – has the final say in her fate?

Before the philosophical argument could turn physical, however, reality was altered and the House of M was born. In this alternate reality, mutants were the dominant species, and Magneto's family reigned supreme. The X-Men and Avengers teamed up to save the day, but the end result was Wanda wiping out the mutant gene and de-powering the vast majority of the world's mutants.

That one event has been the driving force in the X-Men books ever since. But it wasn't until Avengers: The Children's Crusade came along that tensions between the Avengers and X-Men heated up again. In that recently concluded story, the Young Avengers joined up with Magneto and embarked on a search for the missing Scarlet Witch. Multiple factions of X-Men and Avengers appeared on the scene to battle and squabble.

The heroes found Wanda in Latveria of all places, and engaged to Doctor Doom no less. Doom emerged as the scapegoat behind Wanda's recent misdeeds and had another brief flirtation with omnipotence before being defeated. The Avengers and X-Men were finally content to let Scarlet Witch be. But Cyclops delivered one final warning – one more loss of control, and the X-Men wouldn't hesitate to kill her.

Winner: Neither

Round+6+–+Dark+X-Men+and+<a+class=ɺutolink'+href='https://comics.ign.com/objects/142/14295016.html'>Dark+Avengers</a>

Year: 2009
As Seen In: Dark Avengers/Uncanny X-Men: Utopia TPB

The residents of the Marvel Universe have a very short memory, which is the only explanation for why theyɽ celebrate the idea of the Green Goblin taking over as America's top cop. Norman Osborn's "Dark Reign" was ratcheted up a notch when he decided to turn his attention away from the underground Avengers and towards the X-Men.

A riot between San Francisco's mutants and the militant group Humanity Now provided a perfect excuse for Osborn to send in the troops. Suddenly the X-Men were swept up in a battle against Osborn's imposter Avengers – Venom, Ares, Moonstone, Bullseye, and Daken among them. After winning the initial skirmish, Osborn quickly decided to form his own officially sanctioned squad of X-Men, with Emma Frost as his Black Queen.

But Cyclops had a few schemes of his own. His master stroke involved raising the wreckage of Asteroid M from the sea and declaring it an island haven for all mutants. After most of Osborn's Dark X-Men betrayed him and defected to Cyclops' side, the two sides had one final battle royal on Utopia. Realizing his Avengers were in the midst of a PR disaster, Osborn retreated and tried to spin the fight as a victory for humankind. But as we established, people in the Marvel U are dumb, so they believed him.

Winner: The Avengers (according to Osborn)

Round+7+–+All+Hell+Breaks+Loose

Year: 2012
As Seen In: Avengers vs. X-Men #0-12

The latest clash between teams is a direct continuation of the House of M conflict. Cyclops and his X-Men have put their faith in a mutant named Hope, believing she's the key to restoring the mutant race. But now Cyclops has discovered that Hope has a direct connection to the Phoenix Force.

The X-Men and Avengers will come into conflict when they discover that the Phoenix Force is traveling to Earth to claim Hope as its new host. Cyclops' goal is to use Hope to fulfill her destiny and save the mutant race. Captain America's goal is simply to terminate what he sees as a threat to Earth. Meanwhile, Wolverine and his X-Men are caught in the middle, with Wolverine torn between his loyalties to the Avengers and his mutant friends.


The question is whether there will be an ultimate winner in this battle, or if the two teams will be forced to put aside their differences and fight a common enemy as these mash-ups usually unfold.

Avengers vs. X-Men kicks off tomorrow with the release of the #0 issue. Are the X-Men overdue for a decisive victory against the Avengers? Or does Cyclops finally need his comeuppance? Let us know who you're rooting for this time by posting in the comments section below.


Se videoen: The Marvel Universe: A History Full Story (August 2022).